David M. E. Nwogbaga1 and Cynthia O.Mgboke2
1Department of Political Science, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki
2Institute of Management and Technology, IMT, Enugu
This study examined North Korea’s nuclear programs in relation to the nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, to determine the extent of the violations and ascertain if the sanctions imposed on North Korea has deterred them from Nuclear weapon development. The study adopted a descriptive design technique. Also the study employed a documentary data to the collection of data and content analysis was used in data analysis. The study found that the North Korea’s Nuclear weapons development has contributed significantly to nuclear proliferation to the extent of threatening collective security in the international system and in Middle East in particular. The study concluded that the division of Korea into North and South during Cold War; and U.S Security threats against North Korea are some of the reasons why North Korea decided to embark on nuclear development to guarantee its security. Also, this study found out that heavy sanctions imposed on North Korean economy is one of the reasons why North Korea agreed for negotiation with US and IAEA. Finally, the researcher recommends that sanctions imposed on North Korea’s economy should be reduced and North Korea’s nuclear program should not be used for security threats within or outside the region.