Shedrack Igboke C.
Political Science Department
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka,
Paul, Samuel Ogonna,
University of Ibadan
Oguejiofor Francis Obiora
Department of Political Science
Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University
Colonialism in Africa and its influences on the peoples of Africa remains potent and persistent since its official beginning after the Berlin Conference of 1885 up till 1960 when it officially ended. These influences and effects on the African customs and culture are far-reaching, and have resulted to an almost complete transformation of the lives of the peoples Africa. Against this background, the study examines the fundamental transformation which the African society and customs have undergone overtime using the Igbo as a case study. The study discusses the Igbo people before 1885 and as well their colonial conquest as a result of the various British expeditions. The study highlights the establishment of colonial rule and the spread of Christianity, the competition among the early missionaries and the establishment of missionary schools in Igbo land as a vehicle of transformation of the customs, culture and traditions of the people. The paper x-rays the various aspects of the Igbo customs and traditions that underwent such changes during the period of our study and how such changes have endured even up to the post colonial era. The paper concludes that colonialism and its antecedents have since then been a major catalyst in the lives of the peoples of Africa.
Afigbo, Adiele. Igboland before 1800.Groundwork of Nigerian History.Ed. ObaroIkime. Ibadan: Heinnemann Educational Books, 1980. 73-88. Print.
Afigbo, Adiele. The Eastern Nigeria Provinces Under Colonial Rule. Groundwork of Nigerian History.Ed. ObaroIkime. Ibadan: Heinnemann Educational Books, 1980. 410-428.
Afigbo, Adile. The Establishment of Colonial Rule, 1900-1918.History of West Africa Vol II.London: Longman Group Ltd, 1974. 424-483. Print.
Afigbo, Adiele. The Indigenous Political System of the Igbo.Tarikh4.2.13-23. Print.
Anene, Joseph. The Southern Nigeria Protectorate and the Aros, 1900-1902. Journal of Historical Society of Nigeria, 1.24:20-26. Print.
CMS:CA. 3/037. Taylor’s Journal, entry for 25 June, 1863. Out of a Population estimated at 13,000 the number of active Christians at Onitsha in 1874 was 177.
CMS. G3/A3/0, Minutes of Executive Committee in 1903.
Dilim, OkaforOmali. A Nigerian Villager in Two Worlds in Ekechi, Felix. Colonialism and Christianity in West Africa: The Igbo Case, 1900-1915. The Journal of African History, 12.1:103-115. Print.
Ekechi, Felix. Colonialism and Christianity in West Africa: The Igbo Case, 1900-1915. The Journal of African History, 12.1:103-115. Print.
F.H.G, Paris: 192/A/11, Shanaham to the Directors, 20 Oct, 1905.
Hargraveas, John. The European Partition of West Africa. History of West Africa Vol II. London: Longman Group Ltd, 1974. 402. Print.
Hobson, Jobson, in Uzoigwe, G.N. European Partition and Conquest of Africa: An Overview. Unesco History of Africa, Vol 7. California: Heinnemann Educational Books, 1985. 19- 45. Print.
Ibenekwu, Ikpechukwu. Igbo Traditional Political System and the Crisis of Governance in Nigeria. Ikoro Journal of the Institute of African Studies,UNN9.1:1-13. Print.
Mbaye, Gueye and AduBoahen. African Initiatives and Resistance in West Africa, 1880-1914. Unesco History of Africa, Vol 7. California: Heinnemann Educational Books, 1985. 114- 149. Print.
Uchendu, Victor Chikezie. The Igbo of South-Eastern Nigeria. New York: Holt, Reinhart and Winston. 1965. Print.
Uzoigwe, G.N. European Partition and Conquest of Africa: An Overview. Unesco History of Africa, Vol 7. California: Heinnemann Educational Books, 1985. 19-45. Print.
For the complete paper, click here