Azubuike Callistus Francis
Department of Political Science
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
Ezeanya Emeka Vincent
Department of Political Science
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
Conflict resolutions among other things were the major reasons why OAU which later became AU was formed. Despite the successes recorded so far by AU in her peace-building exercise in Africa, the issue of violent conflicts has continued to be the bane of most African countries today. This paper is poised to look into some selected violent conflicts in Africa with the aim to ascertain the causes, peace building efforts of AU and possible solutions to minimize future occurrence. To achieve this aim, the paper relies on secondary data collection system, while Structural Conflict Theory is adopted as the theoretical framework to analyze the study. The structural conflict theorists argue that conflict is built into the particular ways societies are structured and organized. It considers social problems like political and economic alienation, injustice, poverty, disease, exploitation, inequality and class domination etc. as causes of conflict and believes that the only solution to this type of condition is revolution, civil war, or some form of violence which will overthrow the exploitative system. This has been the issue in most African crises and if not properly addressed, crises will continue to occur in Africa.
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