Ethnic Configuration as a Bane to Political Crisis in Africa with South Sudan in Perspective

1Azuka Ikechukwu Arinze & 2Oliver Uchenna Nwankwo

1 Department of Political Science, Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike Ikwo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

2Department of Political Science, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author’s E-mail: ikeazukaarinze@gmail.com

Abstract

The study undertook the historical back ground of South Sudan and their political history. From the two civil wars they fought with Sudan, before they were allowed to conduct a referendum which ushered them to independence. However upon independence they had issues with oil field sharing with Sudan which made them shut down their oil production for about six months. There were excess money which accrued from crude production and sell which went into wrong hands, to the extent that ordinary man on the street was dealing on oil through the ‘back door’. However, a major catalyst to the crisis was the mutual suspicion and overzealous ambitions of political class, particularly between the President Kiir and former Vice President Bachar. Their ethnic cleavages did not help matters as they brought it in into a political crisis that ordinarily needed a political solution.  Arms proliferations worsen the situation, as well as unprofessionalism in the army recruitment, as they recruited based on ethnic loyalty. Unfortunately International interventions did not help issues. Leading the great carnage committed in the cause of the war, with its huge losses in term of properties, public buildings, human lives, etc. The study took a critical and peculiar nature of this crisis and came up with hypothesis to mitigate future occurrence and how to bring a lasting peace to the environment bedeviled by this crisis. Secondary sources of data which are literatures from various sources were used. Group theory as well as Game theory was the major anchor of theoretical analysis. Various concepts were carefully analysed. The lesson from this study can be applied to the various parts of the world where similar crisis hold sway to find amicable solution to them.

Citation of article: Azuka, I. A. et al (2022). Ethnic Configuration as A Bane to Political Crisis in Africa With South Sudan in Perspective. African Journal of Politics and Administrative Studies (AJPAS), 15(1):18-36

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