Executive-Legislative Budgetary Wrangling and Public Financial Authorization in Nigeria

1Umar Elems MAHMUD, 2Yusuf Abdullahi OGWUZEBE, &3Contessa Ofure JOHN

1Department of Public Administration

                Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria

2Department of Public Administration

                Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria

   3Department of Public Administration

                Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria

Corresponding Author’s E-mail:elemsumarmahmud@gmail.com

Abstract

To underscore the centrality of the doctrine of separation of powers in Nigeria, the roles of the Executive and Legislature have been clearly delineated in the 1999 Constitution, as amended, in the various fiscal and other financial regulations. The major objective of this paper is to provide an expository analysis of the key public financial authorities in relation to the management of public finance in Nigeria, against the backdrop of the recurring Executive-Legislative budgetary rancour, using the experience during the 2022 budgeting exercise as case study. The paper noted that the fundamental, objectives and directing principles of budgeting had been clearly provided in the 1999 Constitution, as amended; just as the modus operandi had been outlined, by the derivative fiscal legislation and financial regulations, all of which are directed toward the efficient management of public financial resources. The paper concluded that complementarity and cooperation are the sine qua non in the performance of the respective roles of budget preparation by the Executive and budget appropriation by the Legislature. It was therefore recommended that the political and bureaucratic top brass should be continually trained, in order to achieve the requisite deep understanding of the mechanics of budgeting and public financial authorities in Nigeria, as enunciated by the relevant constitutional and legislative instruments.

Citation of article: Umar, E. M. et al (2022).Executive-Legislative Budgetary Wrangling and Public Financial Authorization in Nigeria.African Journal of Politics and Administrative Studies (AJPAS), 15(1):161-175.

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