NIGERIA’S FOREIGN POLICY UNDER PRESIDENT MUHAMMEDU BUHARI’S ADMINISTRATION: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS.

AKUMAH BROWN IHECHILURU, NNAJI FIDELIS C. & ELOM ANDREW C.

Department of Political Science

Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki

Corresponding Author’s Email: Brown.akumah@ebsu.edu.ng

Abstract

This paper is an overview of “Nigeria’s foreign policy under President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration: a critical analysis”. It undertakes a conceptual clarification of foreign policy and explains foreign policy to mean the extension of the national interest of a state which it pursues in her relations with other countries in international arena. The specific objectives of this study were to sought whether economic determine the foreign policy of Buhari’s administration; whether security determine the foreign policy of Buhari’s administration and whether corruption determines the foreign policy of Buhari’s administration. This work adopted Structural–Functional theory. It employed qualitative method of data which involves the use of secondary sources of data collection. Also, qualitative descriptive analysis is applied in this study. The paper concludes that Nigeria should restructure and look inward in her foreign policy calculation in their economic and human empowerment in international arena, to make Nigeria a free corrupt nation, boost her country economy and reposition the Nigeria security apparatus towards facilitating national security, regional integration and bilateral relationship with the rest of the world.

REFERENCES

Aaron S, Alexandra Gand Christine, K. (2015). Inside NNPC Oil Sales: A Case for Reform in Nigeria, published by the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI),Accessedat:http://www.resourcegovernance.org/sites/default/files/documents/nrgi_insidennpcoilsales_mainreport.pdf 3rd December 2015.

Aamu, P. and Muhammad, F.  (2017). The Second Image Reversed: The International Sources of Domestic Politics. International Organization, 32, 881-911.

Abdul, S. & Ibrahim, M. (2013). Interrogating Nigeria’s Foreign Policy in the 21st Century: Reflections on the Gains and Challenges of Obasanjo’s Administration 1999-2007. Journal of International Relations, 6(44) 31-51

Adelman, I. (1999). “Fallacies in development theory and their implications for policy”, WP no 887, Dept of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Policy, University of California at Berkeley

Aderan, F. (2017). 9 Statement from President MuhammaduBuhari on the defeat of Boko Haram. Buhari: Boko Haram is technically defeated,. Accessed at https://www.naij.com/721415-boko-haram-technically-defeated-need-read-buhari-say.html.

Ade-Ibijala, O. A. (2013). Overview of National Interest, Continuity and Flows in Nigeria Foreign Policy. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(1), 565-572.

Ake, I. (2018). Introducing Nigeria Efficiency Unit, Federal Ministry of Finance accessed at http://finance.gov.ng/index.php/efficiency-unit/efficiency-unit-publications/226-introducing-nigeria-s-efficiency-unit

Akwaya, Cletus. (2016). “One Year of Buhari’s Foreign Policy: Between Change and Continuity”. Leadership. May 29. http://leadership.ng/news/531426/ one-year-buharis-foreign-policy-change-continuity.

Alli, W. (2010). The Changing Environment of Nigeria’s Foreign Policy. In O. C. Eze (ed.), Beyond 50 Years of Nigeria’s Foreign Policy: Issues, Challenges and Prospects. Victoria Island: The Nigerian Institute of International Affairs,34(56): 221-240.

Amaefule, M. (2018). Interrogating Nigeria’s Foreign Policy in the 21st Century: Reflections on the Gains and Challenges of Obasanjo’s Administration 1999-2007. Bassey Andah. Journal of International Politics 6(8): 31-51.

Aremu, J. O. (2015). Afro-Centricism in Nigeria’s Foreign Policy Agenda, 1960-1999: Some Documentary Evidence. Azerbaijanian Journal of Economics and Social Studies (5), 48- 61.

Asika, N. (1991). Research Methodology in the Behavioral Sciences. Ibadan: Longman Publisher.

Ashim, O. (2013) April 16). Nigeria’s Foreign Policy. This Day. Retrieved from: http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/nigeria-s-foreign-policy-new-realities-in-a-changingworld/144998/

Assanvo, William, Jeannine Abatan, and Wendyam Sawadago. 2016. “Assessing the Multinational Joint Task Force against Boko Haram”. West Africa Report. Issue 19, September. Institute for Security Studies.

Babawale, T. (1988). Continuity and Change in Awolowo’s View of Foreign Policy. In O. Oyelaran, T. Falola, M. Okoye and A. Thompson (eds.), Obafemi Awolowo: The End of an Era? Selected Papers from the National Conference on “Obafemi Awolowo: The End of an Era?” Ile-Ife: University Press Limited.

Barika, N. L. (2014). Nigerian Foreign Policy from 1960-2003: Implications for Present and Future Leaders. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19 (8), 52-58.

Boboye, D. (2016). Nigeria planning return of Boko Haram displaced. December 12 2015. ReliefWeb. Accessed at: http://reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/nigeriaplanning-return-boko-haram-displaced

Chidozie, F., Ibietan, J. and Ujara, E. (2014). Foreign Policy, International Image and National Transformation: A Historical Perspective. International Journal of Innovative Sciences and Humanities Research, 2(4), 49-58

Egwemi, V. and Ochim, F. I. (2016). Reciprocity in International Affairs: An Analysis of Nigeria/South Africa “Yellow Fever” Diplomatic Face-Off, March, 2012. African Research Review, 10 (1), 116-133.

Eze, O. C. (2010). Interrogating Nigeria’s Interest. In O. C. Eze (ed.), Beyond 50 years of Nigeria’s Foreign Policy: Issues, Challenges and Prospects. Victoria Island: The Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, 13(23): 79-92.

Fayomi, O., Chidozie, F. & Ajayi, L. (2015). Nigeria’s National Image and Her Foreign Policy: An Exploratory Approach. Open Journal of Political Science, 5(66) 180-19

Gitelson, S. A. (1980). The Linkage Between External and Domestic Policies: Israel’s Experience with Ghana and Nigeria. Jewish Social Studies, 42 (2), 95-118

Hinshaw, Drew, and Sarah, K. (2016). “‘Niger Delta Avengers’ Sabotage Oil Output.” The Wall Street Journal. June 5. https://www.wsj.com/articles/niger-delta-avengers-sabotage-oil-output-1465165361

Ikedi, R. (2018). Nigeria signs agreement with UAE on recovery of stolen funds: http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/197014-nigeria-signs-agreement-with-uae-on-recovery-of-stolen-funds.html

Ishiekene, T. (2016). “Worst Economic Crisis in 25 Years: What Nigeria Can Do To Get Out of Recession”. Sahara Reporters. October 5. http://saharareporters. com/2016/10/05/worst-economic-crisis-25-years-what-nigeria-can-doget-out-recession-tony-ishiekwene

Kunle, A. (2016). Nigerian Military ‘Rescues 11,595 Boko Haram Hostages’ in March, Thisday. Accessed at; http://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2016/04/06/nigerian-military-rescues-11595-boko-haram-hostages-in-march/ on the 7th of April 2016

Kyarem, R. N. andOgwuche D. D.(2017) Nigeria’s Economic Recovery & Growth Plan : Tackling the Macroeconomic Downside Risks. International Journal of Advanced Studies in Economics and Public Sector Management |

Maduka, I. (2019). Presidency discloses details of Buhari, Osinbajo’s assets September 3, 2015 http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/headlines/189497 -updated-presidency-discloses-details-of-buhari-osinbajos-assets.htm

Mgbada, F. )2012). Research Methods in the Social Science. Lagos: Academic Publications and Development Resources Limited.

Obasi, I.N. (1999). Research Methods in Political Science. Enugu: Academic Printing Press.

Omale, Daniel. (2016) “Nigeria @ 56: A Mismanaged Economy”. Leadership. October 1. http://leadership.ng/columns/552758/nigeria-56-a-mismanaged-economy

Ota, E. N. and Ecoma, C. S. (2016). Nigerian Foreign Policy and the Democratic Experiment: The Lessons of History and Options for the 21st Century. International Journal of Applied and Advanced Scientific Research (IJAASR), 1(1), 9-18. Retrieved from: www.dvpublication.com

Oyedola, O. (2014). The index measures perceived level of corruption in the public sector. Between 2015 and 2019, Nigeria has maintained an average score of 26; which means that the country has made little or no effort within this period to fight against widespread bribery and punish corrupt public officials, which culminated in the poor score. See http://www.transparency.org/cpi2015#results-table

Odubajo, T. (2017). Domestic Environmental Variables and Foreign Policy Articulation of the Buhari Administration in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic. Brazilian Journal of Strategy and International Relations, 6 (11), 73-96

Okwesili, J. et al (2015). Effects of Boko Haram insurgency on the socio-economic development in Nigeria. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 8(6), 59-72

Salawu, D. and Echewifuni, O. (2016). “The Concert of Medium Powers: Its Origin, Composition and Objectives”. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences 3 (5): 139-145.

Scott, A. (2016). “Oil price slump hampers Nigerian economy”. MARKETPLACE. April 13. http://www.marketplace.org/2016/04/12/world/oil-priced-slump-hampers-nigerian-economy.

Soberu, O. (2017). Buhari Constitutes Advisory Committee on Anti-corruption ThisDay August 10,2017 http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/buhari-constitutes-advisory-committee-on-anti-corruption/217092/

Somorin, Z. (2016). “Boko Haram Has Been Hobbled, Decimated, Says Mohammed”. This Day. March 20. https://www.thisdaylive.com/index. php/2016/03/20/boko-haram-has-been-hobbled-decimated-says-mohammed.

Suleiman, S. N. (2016) “Nigeria’s foreign Aids Profile: Inflows and Outflows” Conference for South-South Cooperation: New Delhi: Victory Press.

Smith, M. (2014). “FACTSHEET: Explaining Nigeria’s Boko Haram and its violent insurgency”. Africa Check. https://africacheck.org/factsheets/factsheet-explaining-nigerias-boko-haram-and-its-violent-insurgency.

Uja, E. (2019). Herdsmen attacks: 483,699 IDPs in camps. https://thenationonlineng.net/herdsmen-attacks-483699-idpscamps/

Ukwuije, C. (2015). Reflections on Nigerian Foreign Policy Posture Under Musa Yar’Adua and Goodluck Jonathan on National Progress and International Relations. International Policy Brief Series, 5 (1), 109-118.

Vandiver, J. (2016). “AFRICOM: Boko Haram weakened in 2016 but still a threat”. Stars and Stripes. December 30.https://www.stripes.com/news/africom-boko-haram-weakened-in-2016-but-still-a-threat-1.446689#.WMMdWdKGPIU.

Wakili, Isiaka. 2016. “Nigeria: Buhari Takes Anti-Corruption Campaign to London”. Daily Trust. May 7. http://allafrica.com/stories/201605080244.html

For the complete paper