Underdevelopment and Dependency in Third World Countries: A Focus on Nigeria

1Otu Eugene Chukwu, 2Mba Nnamdi Bartholomew, 3Chigbu Oliver Onyedikachi,4Charles Chukwuma Nwoba, 5Iokaan Samuel, 6Ngene Innocent Aja, 7Ugwuala Ugwunna Donald, 8Ukangwu Jane Uchechi&9Umahi Regina Chika

1, 2, 3,4 &5 Department of Political Science, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

6Department of Political Science, Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

7Department of Political Science, Clifford University, Owerrinta, Abia State, Nigeria

8Department of Economics, Clifford University, Owerrinta, Abia State, Nigeria

9Department of Business Management, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Abstract

This study interrogates Dependency and Underdevelopment in Africa: The Nigeria Experience. The specific objectives of this study were to establish the link between economic/financial dependency and underdevelopment in Nigeria; to ascertain if political decency is liked to underdevelopment in Nigeria and to determine the relationship between military dependency and underdevelopment in Nigeria. This work adopted Dependency theory as postulated by Raul Presbisch (1950s). The study adopted quantitative methodology. The researcher made the following findings: Nigeria like other African nations engage in economic or financial dependency through foreign aids to sustain their own economy, Nigeria depend on foreign nation for political aids which is the major cause of neo-colonialism, Nigeria depends on foreign nations for military assistance. The researcher also made the following recommendations: Nigeria should revamp their economy by building refineries and stop exporting crude ad importing refined products, that will bust her economy and reduce economic dependency, Nigeria should also manage their political system, eliminate corrupt leaders and train qualified leaders lead the country, Nigeria organize her military base and strategies to enable them fight insecurity without depending on foreign nations

  1. Nigeria depends on foreign nations for military assistance.

Conclusion

Nigeria is a wholesale product of British colonialism. The nation was formed in 1914, for administrative and economic convenience, as Britain lumped its three colonies in the area together into one country in an event historians call, “the Amalgamation” (Ojewole, p, 229). Some believe that Nigeria is too large and unwieldy to comprise one country. This was in essence done by the British for the convenient administration of the country owing to their low financial and personnel capacity. The country houses three of the largest and most competitive ethnic group in Africa; seven percent of the world’s languages spoken in Nigeria, the highest number of languages in any single country. The Amalgamation brought together, without consultation, a multiplicity of groups which before 1914 had a history of little contact and interaction with one another. Attempts since independence to forge these groups into one nation have yielded little fruit. Nigeria remained under British rule for forty-six years until October 1, 1960, when she became independent from London, (Ojewole, p, 229). From the above, it could be seen that the various tribes of Nigeria were forcefully brought together under the control of the British. And however, these tribes had different cultures and ideological backgrounds, and this resulted in the current political instability through ethnic rivalry.

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